Alhamdulillaah we have been blessed with very many different methods to help us learn how to read Arabic. They are all more or less the same with only very slight differences. I’m just going to mention the methods that I have tried personally with children and adults.
1. I personally learned with the set Complete Set of Easy Steps in Qur’an Reading and Arabic Handwriting Course by MELS which came with a cassettes (yes I’m that old ha haha). I found that the audios really helped me a lot and I basically taught myself how to read with this set which shows how easy it is to use. I naturally still had changes that needed to be made when I sat with a teacher but I got a full grasp of how to read and write. Studying this with a teacher would be excellent. I really did enjoy using this set and learned fairly quickly and it mentions some basic tajweed rules too alhamduilllaah.
2. Learning Roots have a book called “Read” which is nice and similar to the MELS book. It is really nicely presented and especially good for adults maa shaa Allaah . It is not intended for self-study and so has no audios with it, the person will have to try to find somebody with good pronunciation. It is really nicely laid out and any teacher would find it easy to use it with someone. It also has some tajweed rules at the back to help give a more complete help in reading the Qur’aan.
3. Nooraniyah. this is the method of spell-reading where a person instead of saying “ja” they would make a complete breakdown of the letter and the vowel symbol above it and the sound saying “jeem fatha jaa”. This is the method that I used with my 1 of my children. It also comes with an audio and I played the audio to them form a young age. They memorised it (the audio) and could recall it if asked, I could say hamza fatha? and they would say “hamza fatha ah” but actually reading written words took a little longer to master and at times presented a challenge. I found that the reading improved a lot when they practiced sight-reading straight from the mushaf and with the flashcards from learning Roots called “Word Flow” . I really like these cards and would recommend them. Overall it is good but not for those with shorter attention spans (in my opinion).
4. Iqra Qiraa’aty: this is a newer style of teaching which I have used on 1 of my children. It can be compared to phonics for Arabic. After learning the Alphabet (letter names) it teaches the sounds immediately so the first lesson (after the alphabet) the student will learn that the hamza with a fatha will make the sound “ah” and practice reading this. Some versions take take 1 letter per lesson the one attached takes 2 per lesson. After the first few lessons they will actually recognise certain 3 lettered words. here is a link to the book as it’s not that easy to find unlike the other 2 إقرأ قراءتي iqra qiraaty.
I really do like this method and I have to say its my favourite of those that I have tried so far as it does work re ally quickly and builds a lot confidence in the person. The only issues I suppose is the layout might look a little boring to some and the instructions are in Arabic but the main thing they mention is not to read it for the person and not to make them spell the letters out (like for nooraniyah). They also mention to wait to correct or help them to make sure that they are unable to do it themselves. إقرأ قراءتي iqra qiraaty
I think those are all of the books I’ve used but if I think of another I’ve tried before I’ll come back and edit this in-shaa Allaah.
SIDE NOTE: I would also really recommend once they learn how to read , or even while they are learning, just opening up the mushaf and getting them to regularly have a good look at a surahs they have already memorised and you can show them the letters live in action. The benefit of this is they know what to expect and can look for certain letters themselves.